• 赵雅思,杨兴舟,叶国杰,韦朝海,韦景悦,李富生,江承付,刘显清,付勇平,朱忠文.焦化废水处理过程中固相物质的形成及处置方法评价[J].环境科学学报,2020,40(7):2548-2556

  • 焦化废水处理过程中固相物质的形成及处置方法评价
  • Formation and treatment methods evaluation of solid-phase substances in coking wastewater treatment
  • 基金项目:广东省科技计划项目(No.2018A050506009,2015B020235005);国家自然科学基金(No.U1901218)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 赵雅思
  • 华南理工大学环境与能源学院, 广州 510006
  • 杨兴舟
  • 华南理工大学环境与能源学院, 广州 510006
  • 叶国杰
  • 华南理工大学环境与能源学院, 广州 510006
  • 韦朝海
  • 华南理工大学环境与能源学院, 广州 510006
  • 韦景悦
  • 日本国立岐阜大学流域圏科学研究中心, 岐阜市 501-1193
  • 李富生
  • 日本国立岐阜大学流域圏科学研究中心, 岐阜市 501-1193
  • 江承付
  • 宝武集团韶关钢铁股份有限公司, 韶关 512123
  • 刘显清
  • 宝武集团韶关钢铁股份有限公司, 韶关 512123
  • 付勇平
  • 宝武集团韶关钢铁股份有限公司, 韶关 512123
  • 朱忠文
  • 宝武集团韶关钢铁股份有限公司, 韶关 512123
  • 摘要:焦化废水处理过程中产生的焦油、污泥和结晶杂盐等固相物质,既有资源属性,又有污染特性,但目前缺乏基于能源、经济及环境影响方面的评估.本研究阐述了3类固相物质的形成机制,建立了质量当量计算及处置方法评价模型.以宝武集团韶关钢铁股份有限公司焦化厂(二期)焦化废水处理工程的A/O/H/O(厌氧/好氧/水解/好氧)流化床工艺作为考察对象,利用工程运行参数和水质统计数据进行固相物质的产量推算,结果发现,焦油、物化污泥、生物污泥(含水率为80%)和工业杂盐的产率分别为0.186、5.80、4.24和1.97 kg·m-3.通过处置方法评价模型明确了焦油焚烧、污泥热解、结晶杂盐分盐提纯后工业应用是最佳处置方案,在60 m3·h-1废水处理规模的固相物质处置过程中,每年约产生1177 MWh的能源,获得135.0万元的经济效益,排放627.0 t CO2,表明能源回收、经济效益和环境影响的协同存在.
  • Abstract:A variety of solid-phase substances, including tar, sludge and salt, were produced during coking wastewater treatment process. These substances are pollutants, but also have the potential to be resources. At present, there is a lack of assessment on energy, economic and environmental aspects of solid-phase substances disposal technologies. In this study, the formation mechanism of three kinds of solid-phase substances was systematically proposed. A model for output calculation and treatment method evaluation was established. Taking the A/O/H/O (Anaerobic/Aerobic/Hydrolysis/Aerobic) fluidized bed process for coking wastewater treatment in Baowu Group Guangdong Shaoguan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd. as the research object, the actual production of solid-phase substances was estimated by using the engineering operation parameters and water quality statistical data. The yields of tar, inorganic sludge, biological sludge (moisture content is 80%) and salts were 0.186, 5.80, 4.24 and 1.97 kg·m-3, respectively. Based on the evaluation model, it was clear that tar incineration, sludge pyrolysis and salt purification and recovery were the best scheme for the disposal of solid-phase substances. In the disposal of solid-phase substances produced in a wastewater treatment plant with a treatment capacity of 60 m3·h-1, 1177 MWh energy might be generated annually, with an economic benefit of 1.35 million yuan and carbon dioxide emissions of 627.0 tons, showing the co-occurrence of energy recovery, economic benefits and environmental impact.

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