• 孙浩然,边睿,李若男,曹晓峰,齐维晓,彭剑峰,李绍坤,和学智,和学强.基于SWAT模型的磷负荷削减最佳管理措施(BMPs)评估研究[J].环境科学学报,2020,40(7):2629-2637

  • 基于SWAT模型的磷负荷削减最佳管理措施(BMPs)评估研究
  • Evaluation of best management practices (BMPs) for phosphorus load reduction based on SWAT model
  • 基金项目:程海湖水环境综合治理与保护总体规划(No.20182100702)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 孙浩然
  • 1. 东北师范大学环境学院, 长春 130117;2. 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084
  • 边睿
  • 东北师范大学环境学院, 长春 130117
  • 李若男
  • 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 北京 100085
  • 曹晓峰
  • 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084
  • 齐维晓
  • 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084
  • 彭剑峰
  • 清华大学环境学院, 北京 100084
  • 李绍坤
  • 丽江市环境监测站, 丽江 674100
  • 和学智
  • 丽江市环境监测站, 丽江 674100
  • 和学强
  • 丽江市环境监测站, 丽江 674100
  • 摘要:基于高空间分辨(0.07 m)土地利用数据和详细的农业管理信息,利用SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool)模型对关帝河子流域的农业耕作进行精细化模拟,评估了4种农业最佳管理措施(BMPs)对非点源磷负荷的削减效果.结果表明:3个水文站径流的率定结果均达到R2>0.5、NSE>0.4、PBIAS<±35%,其中,2个站点的R2>0.6、NSE>0.5、PBIAS<±5%;总磷率定的R2>0.9、NSE>0.9、PBIAS<±20%,即SWAT模型对径流和总磷的模拟值均与实测值展现出较高的一致性.在流域尺度上,对总磷负荷的削减效率由高到低排序依次为:植被缓冲带>15°以上坡地退耕还林 > 有林地补植 > 化肥减施.宽度为1~5 m的植被缓冲带对总磷负荷的削减效率可达30%~48%;15°以上坡地退耕还林的实施可以削减约30%的总磷负荷,同时可能增加农民收入;然而,由于研究区土地利用格局和降水条件的特殊性,有林地补植和化肥减施对削减总磷负荷的影响较小,削减效率均不足1%.
  • Abstract:Based on the high spatial resolution (0.07 m) land use and detailed agricultural management information, the reduction of non-point source phosphorus load was evaluated by applying best management practices (BMPs) to an agricultural watershed using SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model. The results showed that the simulated values of SWAT model were highly consistent with the measured ones. The calibration results of runoff on all three hydrological stations achieved R2 >0.5, NSE >0.4 and PBIAS <±35%, and two of them achieved R2 >0.6, NSE >0.5 and PBIAS <±5%. In addition, the calibration results of phosphorus achieved R2 >0.9, NSE >0.9 and PBIAS <±20%. On watershed scale, the reduction efficiency of total phosphorus load ranked as follows:Buffer strip > Returning farmland with slopes above 15° to orchards > Replanting under canopy > Fertilization reduction. The reduction efficiency of total phosphorus load for Buffer strip with width of 1~5 m were up to 30%~48%. Returning farmland with slopes above 15° to orchards can reduce total phosphorus loads by about 30% and may increase the profitability of farmers. However, due to the particular land use pattern and precipitation conditions, the efficiency of Replanting under canopy and Fertilization reduction was less than 1%.

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