• 袁海飞,王刚,严亚萍,徐敏,常青.有机配位剂对重金属絮凝剂DTSPAM去除水中Cd2+性能的影响[J].环境科学学报,2020,40(7):2477-2485

  • 有机配位剂对重金属絮凝剂DTSPAM去除水中Cd2+性能的影响
  • Effect of organic coordination agents on the removal of Cd2+ with heavy metal flocculant DTSPAM
  • 基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.51368030)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 袁海飞
  • 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070
  • 王刚
  • 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070
  • 严亚萍
  • 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070
  • 徐敏
  • 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070
  • 常青
  • 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070
  • 摘要:以聚丙烯酰胺、甲醛、亚硫酸氢钠、二硫化碳、氢氧化钠为原料,制备出新型重金属絮凝剂二硫代羧基化磺甲基聚丙烯酰胺(DTSPAM),考察了3种常见有机配位剂EDTA、焦磷酸钠、柠檬酸钠对DTSPAM除Cd2+性能的影响.实验结果表明,在单一含Cd2+水样中,pH值为3.0~6.0时DTSPAM对Cd2+均有较好的去除性能;在不同EDTA浓度、不同pH值下的混合水样中,EDTA对DTSPAM除Cd2+均呈抑制作用;水样pH值为5.0、6.0时,焦磷酸钠、柠檬酸钠对DTSPAM除Cd2+均表现出促进作用,而pH值为2.0~4.0时,焦磷酸钠、柠檬酸钠对DTSPAM除Cd2+均呈抑制作用.
  • Abstract:Polyacrylamide, formaldehyde, sodium hydrogen sulfite, carbon disulfide and sodium hydroxide were used as raw materials to prepare a novel heavy metal flocculant, named dithiocarboxyl sulfomethy-polyacrylamide (DTSPAM). The effects of three common organic coordination agents, such as EDTA, sodium pyrophosphate and sodium citrate on the removal of Cd2+ by DTSPAM were studied. The experimental results showed that DTSPAM could remove Cd2+ effectively in water without organic coordination agents at pH from 3.0 to 6.0. EDTA would inhibit the removal of Cd2+ by DTSPAM in the mixed water samples with different concentrations of EDTA and different pH. However, sodium pyrophosphate and sodium citrate could promote the removal of Cd2+ by DTSPAM at 5.0 or 6.0, and the existence of sodium pyrophosphate and sodium citrate would inhibit the removal of Cd2+ by DTSPAM at pH from 2.0 to 4.0.

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