研究报告

  • 刘玉莲,周贺玲,裴宇航,赵克崴,任玉玉.哈尔滨近地面O3浓度特征[J].环境科学学报,2018,38(11):4454-4463

  • 哈尔滨近地面O3浓度特征
  • Characteristics of near surface O3 concentration in Harbin
  • 基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.41771067,41575003);中国气象局气候变化专项(No.CCSF201842,CCSF201819);中央引导地方科技发展专项(No.ZY18C12)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 刘玉莲
  • 1. 黑龙江省气候中心, 哈尔滨 150030;2. 中国地质大学(武汉)环境学院大气科学系, 武汉 430074
  • 周贺玲
  • 廊坊市气象局, 廊坊 131001
  • 裴宇航
  • 黑龙江省气象数据中心, 哈尔滨 150030
  • 赵克崴
  • 黑龙江省气象台, 哈尔滨 150030
  • 任玉玉
  • 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)环境学院大气科学系, 武汉 430074;2. 中国气象局国家气候中心气候研究开放实验室, 北京 100081
  • 摘要:伴随着经济发展和城镇化进程的加速,很多城市的臭氧浓度存在超标问题.本文选取2014—2017年哈尔滨城区污染数据及气象要素数据,对哈尔滨近地面层O3时空分布特征及其与气象要素的关系进行了分析,结果表明:哈尔滨O3日内单峰分布,最高值出现在下午14:00,最低值在清晨7:00.空间分布东南部最高,其次是南部,城中区较低.日间周末的近地面O3浓度较高,而夜间工作日的O3浓度较高.哈尔滨O3浓度与平均气温正相关,与相对湿度负相关,与低于37 W·m-2的紫外辐射正相关.
  • Abstract:With the development of economy and rapid urbanization, ozone concentration in many cities has exceeded the official standard. In this paper, the spatial and temporal distribution of O3 in the near-surface layer of Harbin and its relationship with meteorological elements has been analyzed using the pollution data and meteorological data of Harbin from 2014 to 2017. The research results show that, the maximum value of daytime single peak distribution of O3 in Harbin appears at 14:00, the minimum value is around 7:00. The spatial distribution of near surface O3 in Harbin indicates that the highest value is located in southeast Harbin, followed by the southern Harbin, and central Harbin has the lowest value.In daytime, the near surface O3 concentration in Harbin has higher value during the weekend, and in nighttime, the higher value can be found during the weekday.The O3 concentration in Harbin is positively correlated with the mean temperature, negatively related to relative humidity, and positively correlated with ultraviolet radiation below 37 W·m-2.

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