研究报告

  • 李忠徽,魏彬萌,刘丹,张霞,王旭东.黄绵土中碳酸钙含量和有机肥施用对土壤有机碳组分及CO2排放的影响[J].环境科学学报,2018,38(6):2498-2505

  • 黄绵土中碳酸钙含量和有机肥施用对土壤有机碳组分及CO2排放的影响
  • Effect of calcium carbonate content and composted manure application on soil organic carbon fractions and CO2 emissions in loessal soil
  • 基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费(No.201503116);"十二五"国家科技支撑计划项目(No.2012BAD14B11)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 李忠徽
  • 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 杨凌 712100
  • 魏彬萌
  • 陕西省土地工程建设集团有限责任公司, 西安 710075
  • 刘丹
  • 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 杨凌 712100
  • 张霞
  • 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 杨凌 712100
  • 王旭东
  • 1. 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 杨凌 712100;2. 农业部西北植物营养与农业环境重点实验室, 杨凌 712100
  • 摘要:为探讨碳酸钙(CaCO3)和有机肥对土壤有机碳矿化和CO2排放的影响,本研究通过向一种黄绵土中分别添加0、30、50 g·kg-1 CaCO3模拟陕西省境内具有不同CaCO3含量(9%~15%)的黄绵土,随后再添加0、20 g·kg-1有机肥(M),交互组合设L0、L0-M、L30、L30-M、L50和L50-M等6个处理进行室内培养试验(105 d),测定了土壤pH、微生物量碳(MBC)、水溶性有机碳(DOC)、颗粒碳(POC)、易氧化有机碳(ROC)和CO2释放量.结果表明:未施用有机肥时,土壤pH和MBC含量随CaCO3含量的增加而增加,但CaCO3含量对DOC、POC、ROC和有机碳氧化稳定性(Kos)无显著影响,其差异亦不会对土壤CO2排放产生显著影响.当施用有机肥后,随着土壤CaCO3含量增加,土壤pH上升、活性有机碳(MBC、DOC、POC和ROC)含量增加、Kos降低,土壤CO2排放也随之增加.CaCO3不仅能促进有机肥的矿化分解,而且它和有机肥会对土壤CO2排放产生显著的交互效应,其效果与CaCO3含量密切相关.低量CaCO3和有机肥对土壤CO2的释放具有负的表观交互效应,但高量CaCO3和有机肥对其产生正的表观交互效应.因此,CaCO3对土壤有机碳转化的影响不能一概而论,它与土壤中CaCO3含量密切相关.在农业管理中,根据土壤CaCO3含量合理施用有机肥对土壤碳素循环和温室气体(CO2)排放都具有重要意义.
  • Abstract:The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of composted manure (CM) and CaCO3 on soil CO2 emissions. A loessal soil was amended with 0, 30 and 50 g·kg-1of CaCO3 to imitate all of the loessal soils with different CaCO3 contents (9%~15%) in Shaanxi Province. Thereafter, CM was added to the soils at two rates (0 and 20 g·kg-1), representing as L0, L30, L50, L0-M, L30-M and L50-M. The effects of above additions were investigated in an incubation experiment over a 105 d period. Soil pH, MBC, DOC, POC, ROC, Kos and CO2 emissions were determined. The results showed that soil pH and MBC content increased with CaCO3 content without CM application, but the difference in CaCO3 content had no significant effect on DOC, POC, ROC, Kos and CO2 emissions. However, soil pH, MBC, DOC, POC and ROC contents increased but Kos decreased with CaCO3 content after CM being applied. Thus, soil CO2 emissions increased with CaCO3 content. In loessal soil, CaCO3 not only promoted the mineralization of CM, but also showed a significant interaction between CM and CaCO3 on soil CO2 emissions. The interaction between low CaCO3 and CM was negative, but a positive interaction was found between high CaCO3 and CM. Therefore, we concluded that the effect of CaCO3 on the transformation of organic C in the soil cannot be generalized; which is closely related to the CaCO3 content in the soil. In the agricultural management, the application of CM reasonably according to CaCO3 content in the soil will play a significant role in soil C cycling and greenhouse gas (CO2) emissions.

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