研究报告

  • 郭雯颖,朱能武,李遥.毛霉菌回收金纳米颗粒的影响因素及吸附行为[J].环境科学学报,2018,38(5):1820-1827

  • 毛霉菌回收金纳米颗粒的影响因素及吸附行为
  • Influence factors and adsorption behavior of gold nanoparticles recovery by Mucor varians
  • 基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.31178191);广州市产学研协同创新重大专项(No.201604020055);广东省科技计划项目(No.2017A020216013);中央高校基本科研业务费培育项目(No.2017PY012)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 郭雯颖
  • 华南理工大学环境与能源学院, 广州 510006
  • 朱能武
  • 1. 华南理工大学环境与能源学院, 广州 510006;2. 工业聚集区污染控制与生态修复教育部重点实验室, 广州 510006;3. 固体废物处理与资源化广东省环境保护重点实验室, 广州 510006;4. 广东省环境纳米材料工程技术研究中心, 广州 510006
  • 李遥
  • 华南理工大学环境与能源学院, 广州 510006
  • 摘要:生物吸附在贵金属的回收中具有较高的应用潜力.本研究以毛霉菌(Mucor varians)菌株(CGMCC 3.02549)为菌种资源,探究了毛霉菌吸附Au3+的影响因素,包括初始Au3+浓度、温度和pH值,研究了毛霉菌吸附Au3+的动力学和热力学特性.结果表明,随着初始Au3+浓度升高,毛霉菌的吸附率降低,吸附容量增高;吸附率随着温度的升高而增加;pH对毛霉菌吸附Au3+的效果影响明显,pH为3时吸附效果最佳.毛霉菌对Au3+的等温吸附过程更符合Langmuir方程(R2=0.985),最大吸附量为325.418 mg·g-1.拟二级动力学方程更适合描述Au3+在毛霉菌上的吸附动力学(R2=0.910~0.922).通过热力学分析得出,毛霉菌吸附Au3+是自发的吸热过程.傅里叶红外光谱、X射线光电子能谱、X射线衍射和透射电镜分析表明,回收产物为金纳米颗粒,羰基和羟基是起主要作用的官能团.
  • Abstract:Biosorption is emerging as a promising approach to recover precious metals.This study aims to examine the effects of initial gold concentrations, temperature and solution pH on gold biosorption by Mucor varians and to explore biosorption kinetics and thermodynamics models.The results showed that the biosorption capacity increased while the biosorption efficiency decreased with the increase of initial gold concentrations.Biosorption efficiency also increased with the increase of temperature.Meanwhile, biosoption efficiency was strongly influenced by solution pH and the optimized solution pH was 3.The biosorption process matched Langmuir model best and provided a good correlation for the biosorption (R2=0.985) with maximum capacity of 325.418 mg·g-1.Moreover, the pseudo-second-order kinetics was suitable for the experimental data (R2=0.910~0.922).The thermodynamic parameters revealed that the biosorption process was spontaneous and endothermic.Finally, FT-IR, XPS, XRD and TEM investigation revealed that Mucor varians could recover gold as nanoparticles, and hydroxyl and carbonyl were the main effective functional groups involved in the process.

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