研究报告

  • 饶清华,李家兵,胡敏杰,谢蓉蓉,张祥雨,邱宇.亚热带河口潮滩湿地N2O排放对氮硫增强输入的响应[J].环境科学学报,2018,38(5):2045-2054

  • 亚热带河口潮滩湿地N2O排放对氮硫增强输入的响应
  • Effect of enrichment of nitrogen and sulfate load on N2O fluxes from tidal flat wetland in the subtropical estuary
  • 基金项目:福建省公益类科研院所专项(No.2016R1032-1,2016R1004-1);国家自然科学基金项目(No.51541906);福建省科技厅K类项目(No.JK2017011);福建省高校杰出青年科研人才培育计划项目(闽教科[2016]23号)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 饶清华
  • 近海流域环境测控治理福建省高校重点实验室(福建师范大学福清分校), 福清 350300
  • 李家兵
  • 1. 福建师范大学环境科学与工程学院, 福州 350007;2. 福建师范大学福建省污染控制与资源循环利用重点实验室, 福州 350007
  • 胡敏杰
  • 福建师范大学地理研究所, 湿润亚热带生态地理过程教育部重点实验室, 福州 350007
  • 谢蓉蓉
  • 1. 福建师范大学环境科学与工程学院, 福州 350007;2. 福建师范大学福建省污染控制与资源循环利用重点实验室, 福州 350007
  • 张祥雨
  • 1. 福建师范大学环境科学与工程学院, 福州 350007;2. 福建师范大学福建省污染控制与资源循环利用重点实验室, 福州 350007
  • 邱宇
  • 福建省金皇环保科技有限公司, 福州 350000
  • 摘要:以亚热带区域闽江河口短叶茳芏中、高潮滩湿地为研究对象,于2014年7月至11月进行氮硫增强输入的实验,利用静态箱-气相色谱法测定潮滩湿地中N2O排放通量,并同步测量相关的环境因子.结果显示,不同潮滩湿地N2O排放通量对氮硫增强输入的响应存在差异,但总体上看均促进了N2O的排放.与对照相比,NH4+-N输入使中、高潮滩排放通量分别提高了157.97%和236.36%;NO3--N输入使中潮滩提高了60.95%,而使高潮滩N2O排放通量提高了246.77%;SO42--S输入分别使中、高潮滩N2O通量提高50.68%和87.17%;而N-S复合输入则使中、高潮滩N2O通量分别增加了84.20%和117.79%.不同的处理组对中、高潮滩的N2O排放通量的促进作用分别表现为:NH4+-N > N-S > NO3--N > SO42--S及NO3--N > NH4+-N> N-S > SO42--S.氮硫增强输入改变了短叶茳芏潮滩湿地N2O排放通量的变化规律,但除了NH4+-N处理对高潮滩N2O排放通量的影响显著外,其他处理组的影响均未达到显著性水平.中、高潮滩湿地N2O的排放通量与沉积物温度、含水率具有显著的相关关系,而与电导率相关性不显著.随着全球环境问题的日益严重,系统研究湿地生态系统N2O排放的机制与规律,对于科学准确的估算全球温室气体排放量具有重要的意义.
  • Abstract:Using enclosed static opaque chamber methods, the effects of nitrogen and sulfate enrichments on sediment to atmosphere nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes were studied from July to November in 2014 at the middle-and high-tidal zones of a subtropical Cyperus malaccensis wetland in the Min River estuary. The environmental factors controlling N2O flux were also measured. The results showed different responses of gas flux to the nitrogen and sulfate enrichments at different tidal zones and generally the fluxes were enhanced by the exogenous nitrogen and sulfate loadings. Compared with the N2O flux in control treatment without nitrogen or sulfate loading, the fluxes under the ammonium addition at the middle and high tidal zones was increased by 157.98% and 216.04%, respectively, and the fluxes under the nitrate addition were increased by 60.95% and 246.77%, respectively at these two tidal zones. Under sulfate addition the N2O fluxes at the middle and high tidal zones were 1.51 and 1.87 times, respectively as that of the control treatment, and the fluxes under both nitrogen and sulfate input were increased by 84.20% and 117.79%, respectively at the two tidal zones. The effects of different treatments on the N2O flux at the middle intertidal zone decreased in following order:NH4+-N > N-S > NO3--N > SO42-S, and in order of NO3--N > NH4+-N > N-S > SO42--S at the high intertidal zone. The enrichments of nitrogen and sulfate changed the variation of N2O fluxes in the growing season of C. malaccensis; however, significant effect was only observed at the high intertidal zone under ammonium addition. The sediment temperature and moisture were found to significantly correlated to the N2O fluxes while there was no significant correlation between the sediment conductivity and N2O fluxes at the two tidal zones. In the context of increasingly serious global environmental problems, systematical studies on the mechanisms and patterns of the N2O emissions from wetlands are highly important for the accurate estimation of global greenhouse gas emission.

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