研究报告

  • 房聪,房烽,张黎明,马晓琪,黄天寅,陈家斌.秸秆活性炭活化过一硫酸盐降解酸性橙7[J].环境科学学报,2018,38(1):242-250

  • 秸秆活性炭活化过一硫酸盐降解酸性橙7
  • Degradation of acid orange 7 by peroxymonosulfate activated by straw activated carbon
  • 基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.51478283);江苏省普通高校专业学位研究生科研创新计划项目(No.SJLX16-0561)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 房聪
  • 苏州科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 苏州 215009
  • 房烽
  • 苏州科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 苏州 215009
  • 张黎明
  • 苏州科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 苏州 215009
  • 马晓琪
  • 苏州科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 苏州 215009
  • 黄天寅
  • 苏州科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 苏州 215009
  • 陈家斌
  • 苏州科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 苏州 215009
  • 摘要:将磷酸氢二铵((NH42HPO4)作为活化剂制备秸秆活性炭(SAC),并用其活化过一硫酸盐(PMS)产生硫酸根自由基(SO4-·)降解偶氮染料酸性橙7(AO7).首先对活化前后的SAC进行FTIR表征,发现(NH42 HPO4活化后的SAC含氧官能团特征峰强度增强,可能有利于过一硫酸钾的活化.其次研究了活化剂浓度、SAC投加量、PMS浓度、初始pH、抑制剂对AO7降解效果的影响.结果表明,AO7脱色率随着活化剂浓度、SAC投加量、PMS浓度的增加而增加;同时在偏中性条件下,有利于SAC活化PMS脱色AO7;加入相同物质的量比(2000/1)的甲醇、叔丁醇、苯酚,55 min内AO7脱色率分别为88.4%、66.2%、13.4%,苯酚对反应抑制效果最好,表明SAC表面的硫酸根和羟基自由基在AO7脱色中起主要作用.最后通过紫外光谱扫描、气质联用(GC-MS)和TOC分析表明,AO7的偶氮键和萘环结构被破坏,生成含苯环类中间产物,最终矿化为二氧化碳和水,矿化率可达31.7%.
  • Abstract:Straw activated carbon (SAC) was prepared from straw with diammonium phosphate((NH4)2HPO4)as activator.SAC was then used to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to produce sulfate radical for the decolorization of azo dye Acid Orange 7. The characterization of the synthesized SAC by FTIR indicated that the peak intensity of oxygen containing functional group of SAC increased, potentially favorable for PMS activation. The effect of (NH4)2HPO4 concentration, SAC dosage, PMS concentrations, initial pH and radical scavengerson the degradation of AO7 were studied. The results demonstrated that the decolorization of AO7 increased with increasing of (NH4)2HPO4 concentration, SAC dosage, PMS concentration. Neutral pH was most favorable for SAC to activate PMS for AO7 decolorization. After addition of excess amount (2000/1) of methanol, tert-butanol and phenol, the decolorization efficiencies of AO7 were 88.4%, 66.2%, 13.4%, respectively,and thus the surface bound sulfate and hydroxyl radicals were responsible for AO7 decolorization. From the analysis of GC/MS,UV-Vis spectra, and TOC, the azo band and naphthalene ring of AO7 were destroyed by radicals, generating the benzene-containing intermediate products, and mineralizing to CO2 and H2O (31.7%).

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