研究报告

  • 赵兴敏,杨扬,郭欣欣,毛艺颖,李明堂,赵兰坡.长春市典型高架公路大气环境颗粒物中重金属污染特征[J].环境科学学报,2017,37(9):3280-3288

  • 长春市典型高架公路大气环境颗粒物中重金属污染特征
  • Pollution characteristics of heavy metals in atmospheric particulates from typical elevated highway in Changchun City
  • 基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.41403077);吉林省科技厅科技支撑计划(No.20130204050SF)
  • 作者
  • 单位
  • 赵兴敏
  • 吉林农业大学资源与环境学院, 吉林省商品粮基地土壤资源可持续利用重点实验室, 长春 130118
  • 杨扬
  • 长春市朝阳区环境监测站, 长春 130012
  • 郭欣欣
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Green Technology, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kampar 31900
  • 毛艺颖
  • 吉林农业大学资源与环境学院, 吉林省商品粮基地土壤资源可持续利用重点实验室, 长春 130118
  • 李明堂
  • 吉林农业大学资源与环境学院, 吉林省商品粮基地土壤资源可持续利用重点实验室, 长春 130118
  • 赵兰坡
  • 吉林农业大学资源与环境学院, 吉林省商品粮基地土壤资源可持续利用重点实验室, 长春 130118
  • 摘要:于2014年4-11月对长春市典型高架公路大气颗粒物PM2.5和PM10进行采样,对颗粒物中主要重金属元素的浓度进行了分析,并采用变异系数法、地积累指数法和富集因子法对大气颗粒物重金属污染情况进行评价.研究表明,道路施工期间,PM2.5和PM10中重金属的浓度普遍低于道路运行通车后的浓度,而采暖期重金属的浓度又高于非采暖期的浓度.重金属元素在PM2.5中的含量占PM10中总含量的比例均超过50%,说明颗粒物越细越容易富集重金属.Zn、Fe和Mn的变异系数较小,说明来源稳定,自然源占主导地位.富集因子法表明,Zn的富集程度极强,Mn无富集.Cr和Cd的变异系数较大,受人为活动干扰严重,在道路施工期间二者富集程度较轻,道路通行加之采暖后富集程度加强,主要来源为汽油和煤的燃烧.Pb、Cu和Ni的变异系数在0.56~0.76之间,有一定的人为干扰,Pb和Ni在高架公路施工期富集程度较轻,道路运行及取暖期富集程度显著,主要来源是交通源;Cu富集程度强,主要来源可能是油燃烧、建筑扬尘.
  • Abstract:Atmospheric particulate PM2.5 and PM10 were sampled from a typical elevated highway in Changchun City from April to November 2014. Concentrations of the main heavy metal elements in PM2.5 and PM10 were analyzed. The pollution condition of these heavy metals in the particulates was evaluated by variation coefficient method, geo accumulation index and enrichment factor method. The results showed that heavy metal concentrations in PM2.5 and PM10 during elevated highway construction were generally lower than the concentrations during highway opened to traffic. Heavy metal concentrations during heating period were higher than the concentrations during non-heating period. The content of heavy metal element in PM2.5 accounted for more than 50% of the total content in PM10, which indicated that heavy metals were easy to enrich on the fine particulates. The variation coefficients of Zn, Fe and Mn were smaller with stable source and the natural source was dominant. Enrichment factor method showed that Zn enrichment degree was extremely significant and Mn had no enrichment. The variation coefficients of Cr and Cd were greater, indicating that these elements were seriously disturbed by anthropogenic activities. The enrichment degree of Cr and Cd was lighter during road construction, however, it was strengthened during highway traffic and heating period. The major source categories of Cr and Cd were the gasoline and coal combustion. Variation coefficients of Pb, Cu and Ni were from 0.56 to 0.76 with a certain human disturbance. The enrichment degree of Pb and Ni during highway construction period was lighter and enrichment was significant during road traffic and heating period, which indicated that these two elements originated mainly from traffic sources. Cu enrichment degree was significant and the main source was likely to be oil combustion and construction dust.

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